The game of bowls lends itself to being an ideal sport for the blind, as the rules are the same as those for sighted bowlers. There are, however, a number of additions which enable the blind bowler to play with the sighted.
There are distance markers placed every two metres from 23 to 33 metres which assist the blind bowler to gaugue the required strength with which to deliver the bowl, as the blind player cannot see the white object ball (the 'jack').
In addition, there is a centre string, running down the middle of the rink which forms a ninety degree angle with the mat. This enables the player's coach/director to orientate their bowler to a correct and constant angle (or "grass") necessary to find the ideal path to the jack.
The video, "Beyond the Darkness", shows blind bowlers playing at their weekly meetings and some of the coaching methods employed. It also records some of the notable achievements of Israel's blind bowlers at home and abroad.
My thanks go to Dov Neppe, a top film-maker, for his superb technical assistance in making the movie, and to Mickey Kupferschmid for sponsoring it.
Beyond The Darkness