GLOSSARY OF BOWLs TERMS
A GAME -
consists of a pre-arranged number of shots or heads or a fixed period of time.
the left-hand side of the centre line. The bowl will curve from left to right.
the unique shape of the bowl which will cause it to run on a curved path from delivery until it comes to rest.
Uniquely constructed ball weighing approx. 1.5 kilos with which the game is played.
placed on the surrounding grass bank to delineate the boundaries of the rink.
BURNT HEAD -
the jack being driven out of the boundaries of the rink. The head is replayed.
CENTRE STRING -
For the blind, a thin cord is strung down the middle of the rink. It forms a ninety-degree angle with the mat and helps with the orientation of the bowler.
ensuring that the big ring insignia on the bowl is facing the OUTSIDE when choosing which hand to play.
DEAD BOWL -
if a bowl comes to rest in the ditch without touching the jack, or finishes outside the confines of the rink.
the stance, backswing and underarm forward motion in deliberately rolling the bowl.
are placed on the side banks of the green at two-metre intervals from 23-33 metres to indicate the distance of the jack from the mat.
the sand or gravel filled shallow ditch running around the bowling green.
DIRECTOR OR COACH -
The person who gudes the blind bowler and provides them with all the necessary information so that they can play the game of bowls proficiently.
DRAWING (THE DRAW) -
attempting to bowl with the exact weight and grass necessary to reach the jack.
DRIVING (THE DRIVE) -
bowling with excess force in order to disrupt the head.
the jack and any number of bowls that have come to rest.
A well played bowl.
the completion of all bowls being delivered by both teams in one direction.
the right-hand side of the centre line. The bowl will curve from right to left.
the person who assists the players in a singles game by straightening the jack, giving information and keeping score.
rectangular protective mat 600mm. long and 360mm. wide. The player stands on the mat when delivering the bowl.
LAYING THE MAT -
placing it along the centre line of the rink, before delivering the jack, at a distance of between 2 and 23 m. from the back ditch.
The player who plays first in a team game. The lead is also the player who lays the mat and rolls or delivers the jack (kitty) at the commencement of a new end.
JACK OR KITTY -
small, solid white object ball some 63 mm.in diameter.
HOLDING THE SHOT-
if your bowl or your team's is closest to the jack, after all the bowls have been played, you hold the shot. You indicate this by tapping your shoulder.
OUT OF BOUNDS -
a bowl that comes to rest outside the boundary line of the rink.
The player has taken too little grass.
If your opposition's bowl is closest to the jack after all the bowls have been delivered, the shot is against you.
To indicate this, turn your palm downwards and tap on the back of your hand.
A team game where two bowlers play against an opposing team of two. The winners are those with the highest number of points after a predetermined number of ends.
the numbered section of the bowling green on which a game is played.
A game where two individual players compete. The first player to score 21 points wins the game.
the person who plays last in a team game. The captain, who is normally responsible for tactics and telling a team member what shot to play.
TAKING GRASS -
finding the right line along which to deliver the bowl before it curves. The general aiming direction when standing on the mat is towards 11 o'clock for the backhand and 1 o'clock for the forehand.
THE SHOT -
the bowl closest to the jack at the completion of an end.
TRIAL ENDS -
prior to a competition 2 ends are played to assess the vagaries of the green. No points are scored.
THE GREEN -
the 37 metre square bowling green which is normally divided into 6 lanes known as rinks.
a bowl that touches jack before coming to rest within the confines of the rink. It is marked with a chalk stripe.
A team game where three play against an opposing team of three. This format is rarely used in blind bowls, and is seldom played competitively at the top level.
the amount of force expended in delivering the bowl.
The bowler has taken too much grass.
WRONG BIAS -
bowling with the small ring facing the outside. The bowl will curve away from the jack.
THE UMPIRE -
is the supreme tournament official who decides all matters relating to the laws of the game and any disputes that may arise. All decisions of the umpire are final. Another duty of the umpire is to determine who is holding shot when the players, after they have measured, cannot decide.
At least one foot or part of it must be on the mat or directly above it during delivery of the bowl. Failure to do so will result in a foot-fault and the player will initially be given a warning by the umpire, after which subsequent bowls delivered with a foot-fault will be stopped and removed from the green for that end.
When the players are uncertain as to whose bowl is closest to the jack they will measure to see which bowl is the
shot. Using a string or metal measure, one end will be placed at the centre of the jack and the other end will be stretched to the CLOSEST point of one bowl, whereupon the spring will be locked. This set distance will be applied to the other bowl/s in dispute, and the closest bowl will be the shot.
(in alphabetical order)