IBBA Rules And By-laws
INTERNATIONAL BLIND BOWLS ASSOCIATION
BY-LAWS & REGULATIONS
1. WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS
Member Associations wishing to stage the World Championships shall make
application to the Secretary, in writing, four (4) years prior to the staging of the
The Member Association granted the hosting of the World Championships shall
advise all other affiliated National Associations of the details pertaining to the dates,
venue and approximate cost of accommodation and meals two (2) years prior to the
All entries shall be accompanied by current Sight Classification documentation for
International events and shall be completed by an Ophthalmologist.
2. ELIGIBILITY FOR WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS
To be eligible to participate in the World Championships, all players / directors / coaches must
be residents of the Country that they are representing for a minimum period of three (3)
months prior to the Championships.
CONDITIONS OF PLAY
As amended by the Executive and effective
As of 1 March 1997
At Hamilton and on 22 August 1999 at Kilmarnock, Scotland
1. All competitions shall be played according to the Laws of the Game as recognized by World
Bowls Limited, except where anomalies arise due to the exceptional circumstances of blind
2. All bowls utilised in play must bear distinctive identifying colours as supplied by the
3. Teams of competing countries shall be limited to twelve (12) playing members. In each
category, B1 / B2 / B3, each country shall be permitted 1 men’s singles Player, 1 women’s
singles Player and 1 mixed pair.
4. Nine separate championships events shall be staged, i.e. Men’s Singles, Women’s Singles and
Mixed pairs in each of the sight categories – B1 / B2 / B3. The winners of each event shall be
awarded a Gold Medal or Medals. The runners-up shall be awarded a Silver Medal or Medals
and those in third place shall be awarded a bronze Medal or Medals provided only that in the
case of the Bronze Medals there shall be a minimum of four teams taking part.
5. All events shall be played on a Round Robin basis, i.e. each team playing against every other
team, except in the following circumstances.
Should the number of entries be greater than the allocated periods for play of a
Round Robin draw, the Tournament Committee may utilise the Sectional Play
system, and based on results of previous World Championships. Seeding will be done
at the discretion of the IBBA Executive.
Where a programme cannot be completed due to inclement weather, the Tournament
Committee may permit an event to be concluded upon a lesser number of matches
without completing the remaining fixtures. Thereupon the event shall be decided
upon the number of pointed (and if necessary, shot differential) gained by each team
(provided that each team plays the same number of matches).
Any point not provided for in the Conditions of Play in any of the competitions hereinafter referred to will be decided by the Tournament Committee.
REGULATIONS FOR ALL PLAY
In all matches, competitors and coaches shall wear polo shirts of their National colour with
white / cream clothing.
Shorts are permitted.
For Women’s play – as per World Bowls regulations.
Footwear – as per World Bowls regulations.
Protective clothing – as per World Bowls regulations.
Mats must conform with WBB Regulations and must have square edges.
The mat shall be placed in accordance with WBB Regulations, or as directed by the
When the jack is incorrectly delivered, the mat shall be placed in accordance with
When the jack is incorrectly delivered once by each Player, WBB Regulations shall
Note: The exception to the rule would be when ground sheets are used, or when, in the opinion of the Tournament Committee, a dangerous condition could develop, then the mat will remain on the 6ft / 2m mark.
3. COACH / DIRECTOR
The sighted person assisting the blind bowler in play shall be referred to as the Coach / Director.
The sighted person standing at the “jack” end shall be referred to as the Marker.
5. DISTANCE DISCS
Discs, indicating the distance of the “jack” from the mat, shall be situated on the bank for the assistance of the Marker. These discs shall be marked in feet and metres.
6. RINK CENTRE LINE
The “centre line” of each rink shall be a fine white string, stretched tightly over the surface of the green in a direct line between the points indicated by rink number plates.
7. SCORE CARDS
In Singles play, the Marker shall record the score on both the scorecard and the scoreboard. In Pairs play, one Coach / Director shall record the score on the scorecard and the other Coach / Director shall record the score on the scoreboard.
Scores shall be recorded end-by-end on both the scorecard and the scoreboard.
The Marker shall hand the scorecards, signed by the two Coach / Directors, to the Recorder.
In the event of any dispute, the signed scorecard shall be the deciding proof as to the result of the match.
8. NO VISUAL OR MECHANICAL AIDS TO BE USED
a. B1 Players shall wear occlusive devices with such devices being issued by the Tournament Committee.
9. COACHING / DIRECTING OR ORIENTATING FROM THE FRONT
B1, B2, B3 Players may be coached / directed, orientated from the front or back of the mat as per personal choice.
DEFINITION OF ORIENTATING
To be restricted to positioning the Player on the mat in the correct comfortable position, checking bowl bias, squareness of feet and shoulders but not in any way indicating visually the line of aim, green / grass to be taken, centre line or any other instruction which could be construed as a visual aid.
10. IMPEDED BOWL
A bowl impeded by touching a Coach’s / Director’s foot shall not be replayed.
In the event of any dispute the decision of the Tournament Committee shall be final. The Tournament Committee, however, reserves the right to refer any matter to the Executive Committee of IBBA.
12. SLOW PLAY
In all the championships, slow play shall be discouraged. Coaches / Directors are particularly requested not to waste time.
13. INSPECTION OF THE HEAD
Inspection of the head shall be permitted by both the Player and Coach / Director in “no time-limit” matches.
Where there is a time limit, each team may go up to the head once only during each end.
A head commences with the correct delivery of the jack.
No smoking shall be allowed on the playing surface of the green.
B1 Men’s Singles for the Julius Sergay Trophy
B1 Women’s Singles for the Bob Fergusson Trophy
B2 Men’s Singles for the Tony Alcock Trophy
B2 Women’s Singles for the English Women’s Bowling Association Trophy
B3 Men’s Singles for the Holroyd Council Trophy
B3 Women’s Singles for the Holroyd Council Trophy
2. PLAYING CONDITIONS
In all matches, the player to achieve 21 shots or the player ahead after 3.5 hours shall be declared the winner. The time limit of 3.5 hours shall include trial ends.
There shall be a Marker at the jack-end and two Coaches / Directors at the mat-end.
A coin shall be tossed to establish the right as to who shall play first.
The Coach / Director shall lay the mat in accordance with WBB Regulations and assist with the placement of bowls for each Blind Player. The players should place their bowls on the side according to the scoreboard and / or scorecards.
One “trial-end” each way shall be permitted, and included in the time limit.
After centering the jack, the Marker shall inform the Players the distance of the jack.
Each competitor shall play four bowls single and alternately.
When each bowl comes to rest, the Marker shall indicate to the Coach / Director, either by hand signals or be stepping out, the distance of the bowl from the jack, if requested.
The Coach / Director “in possession” may enquire of the Marker the position at the head end. The Coach /Director may give any assistance required by the blind Player and assist with the strategy of play.
MIXED PAIRS COMPETITION
B1 Championship - The National Association for Blind Bowlers (South Africa) Executive Trophy
B1 Runners-up - The Christie Miller (Indoor) Trophy
B2 Championship - The Zimbabwe Shell Trophy
B3 Championship - The Holroyd Council Trophy
2. PLAYING CONDITIONS
The competition shall consist of two payers (one man and one woman) per team in all sight classification categories, one to be lead and the other to skip.
A Player and Coach / Director from both teams may be positioned at the jack, 6ft / 2m behind on the right and the left, while his / her partner delivers his / her bowls. On completion of these deliveries, Players and Coaches / Directors at the jack end will change ends and play will continue in the same manner. The Coach / Director at the jack end “in possession”, is permitted to give instructions to his / her partner.
One trial end, each way shall be permitted, and shall be included in the time limit.
No Marker will be permitted in the Mixed Pairs and the Coaches / Directors of each team will keep the score. The Coaches / Directors’ duties shall be the same as in the Singles Competition.
The players should place their bowls on the side according to the scoreboard and / or scorecard.
Matches shall be of 14 ends or 3.5 hours, with two points given for a win and one for a draw. The Tournament Committee has the right, in exceptional circumstances, to reduce the number of ends or impose a time limit.
As point’s differential will be used t determine the Medal Winners, all matches must be completed.
SUBSTITUTES AND REPLACEMENTS
Substitute means a Player temporarily filling a position until an absent team member is able to return to the team.
Replacement means an acquired team member who has taken the place of an original team member unable to return for subsequent play in the current competition and who shall have the same right as those of any original team member.
If one Player is absent because of illness or for any other valid reason acceptable to the Tournament Committee, either at the start of or in the course of a match or on resumption of a match stopped for any valid reason, a substitute / replacement approved by the Tournament Committee and who is not already playing in the Mixed pairs Competition, shall be allowed to complete the Pair. If unable to obtain a substitute / replacement, the match will be forfeited. A substitute taking over after the start of the first match shall be deemed a replacement and shall be eligible for a prize.
DETERMINATION OF MEDAL WINNERS
1. sINGLES PLAY
In each match, two points will be awarded for a win or a “bye”. The competitor gaining the highest number of points will be the winner of the Championship and members will receive a Gold Medal. The Player with the second highest points scored will receive the Silver Medal and the third highest scorer will receive the Bronze Medal.
2. MIXED PAIRS PLAY
Two points will be awarded for a win or a “bye”; one point for a draw. The team gaining the highest number of points will be the winner of the Championship and members will receive a Gold Medal. The team with the second highest number of points will receive the Silver Medal and the team with the third highest number of points will receive the Bronze Medal.
3. WHERE EQUAL POINTS EXIST
Where points are equal, the plus and minus points differential system shall be used, and if equality still remains, then percentage and then ends won will determine the medal winners.
4. INCOMPLETE MATCHES
If a competitor or team is unable to complete a match already commenced or is unable to play in any other matches, the points for those particular matches will be awarded to his / her / their opponent / s. The competitor / s concerned shall retain points he / she / they has / have already scored. When points are awarded to any competitor in these circumstances, no shots for unplayed or unfinished shall be taken into account for shot differential.
5. DEFAULT OR WITHDRAWAL
In the event of a Player / team winning a match or matches by default or withdrawal, the Tournament Committee shall allot to that Player / team the average winning differential for each of the unfinished rounds.
OVERALL TEAM WINNER
For the “Harry Atkinson Trophy
The overall team winners will be declared as that country gaining the most points in the nine competitions and the “Harry Atkinson trophy” will be awarded to the winner. In determining the overall winner, points shall be awarded as indicated above. Where the total points (i.e. the total points scored by each country in the nine events) are equal, the shot aggregate shall be used. If equality still exists, then the shots against shall be divided into the shots for, and the team with the highest result shall be declared the winner.